There in the reading hall after Oraz Zhandosov of the Service “Kazakstan kitaptary” is organized the book exhibition “Kone zhazudyn bilgiry”, dedicated to the centenary of the birth of the first Kazakh scientist-Turkologist, doctor of science (philology), honoured figure of science of Kazakhstan Gubaidully Aidarov.
Gubaidully Aidarov was born on June 18, 1921 in the settlement Talman of the Mangistau district of the Mangyshlakskaya region. In the 1930-ss his family moved to Krasnovodsk city in Turkmenistan. In 1938 he finished the Maryiskoye special school and started working as a teacher at the seven-year school of the village Kara-Bogaz-Gol of the Krasnovodskaye region of the Turkmenskaya SSR.
In 1941 he was called to the front, from which he demobilized in 1944. After the return he worked as a teacher, head of the study department, director of the secondary school at the Sverdlovskiy district of the Dzhambulskaya region (now the Zhambylskaya region). In 1948 he graduated from the Chimkentskiy teachers’ institute, in 1952 – from the Kazakhskiy pedagogical institute after Abai, in 1956 he finished the post-graduate course at the Kazakhskiy state university after S.M. Kirov (now the KazNU after al-Farabi). In 1950-1963 – the scientific worker, senior scientific worker of the department of Turkology and the history of the Kazakh language of the Institute of language and literature of the AS of the Kazakhskaya SSR.
G.Aidarov after becoming acquainted with the well-known Soviet Turkic-studies specialist S.D. Nominkhanov started obsessed with the desire to open the secrets of the ancient Turkic written literature, fixed upon the stones. For the achievement of this goal, beginning from the 1960-ss he participated in the epigraphical expeditions, he studied the factual, lexical and grammatical peculiarities of the Orkhonskiy monuments of the VIII-th century. Apart from many of his colleagues who spoke perfectly the modern Turkic languages, the scientist clearly saw the linkage between the language of the ancient Turks and the modern Kazakh language.
Especial attention G.Aidarov paid to the issues about the Orkhon-Eniseiskiy and Talass written monuments which had crucial significance in the studying of the history of the Turks. The scientist proved that these written monuments are the testimony of the highly developed civilization and culture of the Turks which existed already in ancient times. In the course of the investigations the linguist carried out the transliteration of the texts. This written literature in the course of several centuries was widely used upon the huge territory – from the Hinganskaya mountains in Mongolia in the east to the Balkans in the west. The scientific works of G. Aidarov “The language of the Orkhonskiy monument of Bilge-kagan”, “The language of the Orkhonskiy monuments of ancient-Turkic written literature” and others are dedicated to the analysis of the graphical-lexical and grammatical peculiarities of the runic texts. Dedicating himself wholly to this scientific work, he wrote 20 (twenty) books and more than two hundred scientific articles.
In 1960 G.Aidarov defended the candidate dissertation by the theme “About the language of the monument in honour of Tenyukuk and his attitude to some Turkic languages”, in 1974 – the doctoral dissertation – “The lexics of the language of the Enisei-Orkhon monuments ofancient-Turkic written literature” in the Azerbaijan language. The scientific works of G.Aidarov who made a huge contribution into the studying of the Orkhon-Enisei monuments of ancient Turks, received high appraisal and acknowledgement of the well-known Soviet Turkologists like: A.N. Kononov, E.V. Sevoryatin, I.A. Batmanov, N.A. Baskakov and others.
Awarded with “The order of Patriotic war of the 2-nd degree” (the jubilee issue in honour of the 40-th anniversary of the Greta Victory over fascism, 1985), with the medal “Veteran of labour” (1985) and others. The honored figure of science of Kazakhstan (1992).
Gubaidulla Aidarov died on March 1, 2001.
There at the book exhibition “Kone zhazudyn bilgiry” from the fond of National library of the RK are presented the materials about the life and activity of G.Aisarov, his scientific works and articles on the pages of the periodical press.
We invite everybody to the book exhibition!